The 16th of September is the most important festivity in Mexico because is really the “birth” of our nation.
On September 16 of 1810, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (also known as Father Hidalgo) a Catholic priest and political leader of the town of Dolores, rang the bell of the church and exhorted the people to rise up against Spain in a fiery speech commonly known as “El Grito de Dolores” (Cry or Shout of Dolores).
This is considered officially as the first cry for independence, the moment of insurgency and the beginning of the struggle. War of Independence followed for 11 years ending with Mexico’s defeat of Spain in 1821 after three centuries of Spanish rule.
September is referred to as “El mes de la Patria” (month of the homeland). From the beginning of September, Mexico's streets and buildings are embellished with flags, flowers and decorations in the colors of the Mexican flag (green, white and red). We celebrate “El Grito” (the 15th) with parties (fiestas), fireworks, delicious Mexican food, dance and music.
The night of September 15 at 11 pm “El Grito” is re-enacted in town squares throughout Mexico. The main event takes place in the “Zocalo” (town square) of Mexico City. The president of Mexico will step out on the balcony of the National Palace to ring the bell (like the one of the church in Dolores) and shouts the names of the independence heroes. "Viva Mexico" or "Viva la Independencia” are shouted among the crowds on this day.
Independence Day (16th of September) starts with parades in every town, including the main Military Parade at Mexico City and other civic celebrations. It’s a national public holiday, banks, schools, government offices and many businesses are closed.
Emblematic food for the festivities
The “Chiles en Nogada” is a seasonal dish that is prepared and eaten during the months of August and September. This is the time of year when key ingredients (pomegranates and walnuts) are in season. This Mexican dish incorporates the colors of the Mexican flag, green Poblano chiles, white walnut sauce and red pomegranate seeds. Definitely, a favorite food for these Mexican festivities.
“Pozole” is also a popular food for Independence Day celebrations. El Pozole is a green or red soup (again the colors of the flag) made of hominy and meat.
As for drinks, tequila and mezcal are the favorites. There is also a drink called “Bandera Mexicana” (Mexican Flag) that consists of 3 shots (shot of lime juice, a shot of tequila and a shot of sangria).
There you go a complete guide to this special festivity! Do you want to celebrate with a Mexican party? We have some products that will be perfect to give that Mexican touch to your fiesta! Please clic each image below to see more products and colors.